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Lesson in spoken Sanskrit

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Mamh naam Ramkrishna. Bhavatyaa naam kim?

My name is Ramkrishna. What is your name?

Adyaa Ravivasaraah.

Today is Sunday.

Somvaasaraah (Monday), Mangalvaasarah (Tuesday), Budhvaasarah(Wednesday), Guruvaasarah (Thursday), Shukravaasarah (Friday), Shanivaasarah (Saturday).

Aham adyaa praatah kaale aham shat-vaadane uttishtava.

Today I woke up at 6.00 am.

Uttaayitvaa mukham prakshaalitavaa.

After waking I cleaned my mouth.

Anantaram chai peetva. Peetva kaaryaalaya gatva.

Then I drank tea. After drinking I went to office.

Gatva kim krutva?

What did I do there?

Gatva karyam krutva.

I went and worked.

Ashtvaadane karyaleyam gatva.

I went to office at 8 ‘O clock.

Nav vaadane kim krutvaam?

What did you do at 9 ‘O clock?

Future tense

Aham swah praatah shat-vaadane mukh prakshaalyitvaam. Anataraam kaaryalam gamishyaam.

Tomorrow I will wake up at 6 ‘O clock. Then I will go to office.

Past tense

Shanivaasare shat-vaadane uttitava.

On Saturday, I woke up at 6 ‘O clock.

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Baalakah gachhati. Baalakah gamishyati. Baalakah gatva.

A boy goes. A boy will go. A boy went.

Baalakah gachhati. vartmaan kaal asti.

A goes goes. This is in present tense.

Baalakah gamishyati. bhavishya kaal asti.

A boy will go. This is in future tense.

Baalakah gatva. Bhootkaal asti.

A boy went. This is in past tense.

Etad kim? Tat pustakah.

What is this? This is a book.

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